Week One- 7/07/2017

New Technology, being released everyday. The ways to communicate are far from simple.

After talking to fellow class mates, there has been the idea of doing this course for the ‘credit points’, but I also hope to gain a clear understanding of how the different ways of communicating can impact a message.

During the first lecture, the idea of what communication and technology was examined. These ideas can defined as the following:

Communication – Is any process that transfers, transmits, or makes information known to other people.

Technology – Scientific study of mechanical arts and their application to the world.

These notions joined can bring together the idea of new technology being utilised in order to find different ways to communicate. In these era, the main focus can be on ease of communicating. This paired with the variety of social media, can show that our modern era has made the ability to check on every ones movement, location, what someone had for breakfast; all information that can be shared at the push of a button.

In a lecture given by Amber Case, she believes that technology shouldn’t be so deeply relied on. When there is a ding of our phone we run to see who messaged or what happened. Our phones have the ability to control us. However, technology is no longer a commodity but rather a necessity. The internet is required, phones are used to contact, there is no longer a ‘going off the grid.’

The first day has been very interesting in regards to a clear introduction. I hope to gain further knowledge about why technology method can be consider most effective.

 

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Summary of New Communication Technology

Screen Shot 2017-08-11 at 3.40.24 pm.pngFor the past six weeks, there has been the investigation into different terms regarding being online. In our modern world, there is no option of being without social media. It has become apart of who we are and how we function. Business uses it to advertise, families use it to connect, friends use it to talk. Even with this blog, the internet was used to share information and research. As I posted earlier, humans and symbiotic with technology. They could take us where no man has ever gone before, like in Star Trek. Or turn against us, like Battlestar Galactica. There can only be the further discovery of how far technology can go. Humans are curious and will always want to know more.

When published a survey asking questions relating to New Communication Terms, the average score was 70%. Interestingly, the term Cyberpunk was the most confused to the taker of the survey.

I think the most fascinating post relating to the real world would be Cyber Activism. Without social media, these people wouldn’t be able to share their opinions regarding justice. This is why I think social media is vastly important. We need it now, just like want it.

We don’t have a choice on whether we DO social media, the question is how well we DO it.’ ~ Erik Qualman

 

*Photo retrieved via Laura Picazo

Cyber Activism

Cyber activism is the use of electronic communication technologies in order to enable faster and more effective communication by citizen movements(Carty, 2015, p.1923).

This definition of cyber activism is basically defining the term as being able to communicate faster with the public in regards to a key message when campaigning for a cause. This is identified in the Venezuela Conflict.

“The social networks have come to be an alternative media,” says Tarek Yorde, a Caracas-based political analyst. “But both sides — the government and opposition — use them to broadcast false information.”

Social media is the only way for people to protest against their President Nicolas Maduro. Televisions and Radios are controlled by the government. This is the only choice these people have to share the truth. This allows for a platform for people to speak freely, despite the huge risks involved.

In the Arab Springs, social media is revolutionary in the way protesters can communicate. The protesters used social media to organise demonstrations, disseminate information and raise global awareness. If it weren’t for the freedom of social media, there wouldn’t be this opportunity to speak.

 

Social Networking

‘A Social network is a cluster of people connected for a specific reason.’ (Ryan, 2011, p. 4)

Social networking can be thought of in multi forms. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Youtube; all forms of connecting through the web. When you are with your friends you are in a social network with your common interests. Due to the vast advancements in the internet, distance is no longer an issue in regards to communicating.

The Queensland Government created a website which shows the vast amount of way to get a job (Queensland Government, 2017).

LinkedIn—a site for professional networking

Facebook—a social networking site for individuals and businesses.

Twitter—a micro-blogging site, for quick, short updates in real time.

Blogs—online articles or ‘posts’ that are usually organised around a particular topic.

But the downside can be that if future employers look at your personal accounts and they see something unprofessional, there can be the issue of not being hired.

This is an example of how Social Networking can be beneficial but also could have downsides.

Week 4 – 28/07/17

The Evolution of the Web

In the 1990s the web first emerged in the form of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). This is a way of distributing and collaborating information. This is the foundation of the World Wide Web (Juan, Daradoumis, & Roca, 2012, P. 395).

In 1993 the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) was released (Jackson, 2016, p.2-3). This is an important part of creating web pages and web applications. Web browsers collect HTML information from a server from a local storage and render them into multiple multimedia web pages (Hai Minh, 2014, p. 2).

In 1994 the HTTP cookie was created. It is a small piece of data sent from a website and stored on the under’s computer by the user’s web browser while browsing (Kaushik, 2007, Pg 131). Types include:

Session Cookie – In-memory cookie.

Persistent Cookie – Infomation is transmitted to the server every time the user visits the website (Advertisement)

Secure Cookie – Can only be transmitted over an encrypted connection. 

1995 Internet Explorer was released

After 1995 the updating of the internet was extremely fast. Only 8 years after Safari was released, showing how fast technology can progress.

Cybernetics

‘For me, as I later came to say, cybernetics is the art of creating equilibrium in a world of possibilities and constraints'(Ernst von Glasersfeld (2010) Partial Memories: Sketches from an Improbable Life. p. 136.)

Norbert Wiener’s book Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Wiener defined the term “cybernetics” as “the entire field of control and communication theory, whether in the machine or the animal” (Wiener 1948, p. 19). Cybernetics is known as the study of communication, command and control.

This studies living organisms, machines and organisations. The world of online computers could be seen as a living organism which is powered by the continued use. This word, cybernetics, is taking from the Greek word Kybernetes which means steersman or pilot (Igarashi, 2014, p.182).

The easiest way to discuss Cybernetics is that it discusses the way things interact with each other, and also produce themselves from themselves.

 

 

CyberPunk

When I first saw this work I won’t lie, I thought it was in reference to a nerd movie. And in a way, I wasn’t wrong. It refers to both a culture and genre. It is defined as a subgenre of science fiction that tends to focus on society as “high tech low life” featuring advanced technological (Allan Weiss, 1997). Movies like Bladerunner, The Matrix and Robo Cop are very popular movies in this genre. They feature futuristic lives with modern technology, fights with the protagonist and the main villain. In the Matrix, there was a powerful villain who controlled the population through advanced technology. In Bladerunner there 

In the Matrix, there was a powerful villain who controlled the population through advanced technology. In Bladerunner there 

In Bladeunner there was the protagonist who had to fight off very advanced robots that were developed by humans.

In Robo Cop, a crime-eradicating cyborg fights a crime lord to that they can defend the city.

There are numerous themes between these films. There is a villain who has or is using high-tech weapons to take over the world/city. The protagonist fights them off using the same high-tech items (or is high tech in the case of Robo cop) and eventually wins. These movies all incorporate CyberPunk and all of its sci-fi crime fighting.

 

 

 

 

Cyberspace

Cyberspace is the online world of computer networks and internet. It can be seen from the communication from different networks and the sharing of information.

However online it can be quite dangerous as seen with Cyberbullying. This is using the said electronic communication in order to bully a person/s.  According to Bullying Statistics, over half of the teenage population have received some sort of bullying online. 1 out of 3 young people has experienced cyber threats.  The term cyber safety has become a word to attempt to counteract the bullying online. Awareness is spread about what to do if you are the victim of bullying. Cyberspace can be the sharing of harmless technology or extremely hurtful facts. There needs to be further control or power in order to stop these hurtful messages. But then if

There needs to be further control or power in order to stop these hurtful messages. But then if this happens there will be the reduction of ‘Freedom of Speech.’ But the issue with these is that the spreading of hurtful information has always happened and probably always will. The issue with current technology is that it is easier to bully.

Pages such as eSafety help young people with bullying problems.

https://www.esafety.gov.au/ 

 

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